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Improvement of seal structure design of hydraulic valve

Improvement of seal structure design of hydraulic valve

Hydraulic control valves, hydraulic control check valves, etc. are control valve types of modern mechanized coal mining fully mechanized hydraulic support, mainly used to control the lifting, support and movement of hydraulic supports.

Improvement of seal structure design of hydraulic valve

In order to improve the sealing performance and service life of the hydraulic valve, we have carried out repeated experiments on several main sealing structures of the valve body cavity part, and improved the structure, and finally achieved satisfactory results.

Improved sealing structure of valve seat and valve stem

Original seal structure analysis

The sealing structure of the original hydraulic valve uses a large number of tapered sealing structures of the valve seat and the valve stem, and the sealing cone angles of both are designed to be 90° ± 0. 2° (the seat cone angle is α and the stem taper angle is β).

The valve seat is made of non-metallic material POM, and the valve stem is made of metal material 1Cr13 stainless steel. The sealing mechanism is: Under the action of spring force and hydraulic pressure, the two conical surfaces contact to form an annular sealing band, and the width of the sealing band is generally 5 mm~ 6 mm. The angle design of this tapered structure has the following disadvantages:

(1) Poor craftability. Since the two tapered surfaces are designed to be 90° ± 0.2°, it is difficult to ensure processing with ordinary equipment, which brings great difficulties to processing and measurement.

(2) Poor anti-pollution performance. If the angles of the two cones are exactly the same, a wider sealing band is formed, because there are some small stains in the liquid, such as iron filings, dust and other debris, due to the large cone contact during sealing, the debris is very It is easy to be sandwiched between the two tapered surfaces, resulting in leakage due to poor sealing.

(3) The seal is unreliable under the hydraulic force difference between the left and right chambers in the valve.

Original seal structure analysis

During the trial production process, an O-ring triangular groove seal is used between the seat and the retaining ring and the main valve bore. The O-ring is pressed into the triangular groove. From the cross-section, the O-ring is not inscribed in the triangular groove and has a compression of 10% to 25%. This structure has the following drawbacks:

(1) Poor craftability. Since the O-ring is required to have a certain amount of compression in the triangular groove, the dimensional accuracy of the valve seat chamfering is high, and the general tolerance is 0. 1 mm, difficult to guarantee during machining.

(2) The seal is not reliable. Under the action of hydraulic pressure, liquid flows in the gap between the A side and the B side, and the hydraulic pressures P1 and P2 act on the O-ring, and the pressure of the O-ring and the groove contact point D is large, and the point C The pressure is small, so the sealing at C is unreliable and leaks; if the plugging force at both ends is too large during assembly, the A surface can be sealed without liquid entering, and only the B surface enters the liquid, so that only the pressure P1 acts on the O type. As a result of the seal, the pressure at C becomes smaller and does not seal well and leaks.

(3) Short life. Since the rubber O-ring is designed to have a certain amount of compression, that is, it is pressed into the triangular groove, so that the O-ring is subjected to force in both the working and non-working states, so the sealing ring is easy to lose elasticity. Invalid.

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